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Performance and Arousal

“In a close game, I check my pulse. I know if it gets over one hundred, it’s going to affect my thinking.” – Phil Jackson Arousal, which was defined in the text as, “an energizing function that is responsible for harnessing the body’s resource for intense and vigorous activity” (Sage, 1984), is nondirectional in terms of being positive or negative (Landers & Arent, 2010). The idea is that a midfielder can have the same arousal levels when completing a through pass or scoring an own goal. Such arousal levels impact physiological functioning due to increased heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate. In addition to the physiological measures previously stated, researchers can also measure

Attentional Shifts in Soccer

​The game of soccer is extremely complex, and in order to succeed, each member of the team must operate and move in complete harmony while maintaining individual and collective concentration throughout a match. Additionally, soccer is a game built on unpredictability, and the players on the field are the ones responsible for handling each situation. “ In football matches this cannot be realized because of the unpredictability of the situations. The players themselves are the directors. Only they can solve the situations while improvising. We call football a players’ sport discipline” (Rinus Michels, 2001). In order for players to perform to their maximum potential, their minds must have the

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